Sustainable Practices : Farms With A Future


Farm Practices

Below is a list of suggested sustainable farming practices but this list is not exhaustive.

SOIL IMPROVEMENT APPROACHES

·         Increase organic matter in soil

·         Encourage biodiversity in the soil and above the soil

·         Managed grazing (stock movement based on pasture assessment)

·         Make and spread compost

·         Farm worms for castings & liquids

·         Increase ground cover, including cover crops, mulches, crop waste and stubble

·         Plant green manures

·         Use 'biological-based fertilisers' where possible

·         Avoid non-organic fertilisers and biocides where possible

·         Minimise tillage

·         Protect soils from wind

·         Protect against salinity

 

WATER RETENTION & QUALITY IMPROVEMENT APPROACHES

·         Increase carbon in soil

·         Reduce runoff and increase water penetration

·         Use Yeomans ploughing and swales

·         Use ground works and revegetation to capture water higher in the landscape

·         Use drought tolerant plants and perennial fodder crops

·         Allow flood waters to collect in wetlands

·         Create leaky weirs where appropriate

·         Create chains of ponds where appropriate

·         Treat erosion gullies

 

BIODIVERSITY ENHANCEMENT APPROACHES

·         Maximise natural system functioning

·         Manage holistically

·         Improve soils

·         Re-introduce native plant species

·         Protect and repair habitat for local species

·         Plant field hedges

·         Connect patches of remnant vegetation

·         Use polyculture farming to encourage diversity (of microbes, insects, plants etc)

·         Actively protect wildlife